Procedure for Spinal Fusion
You will be asleep and feel no pain (general anesthesia). The doctor will make a surgical cut (incision) to view the spine. Other surgery, such as a diskectomy, laminectomy, or a foraminotomy, is almost always done first. Spinal fusion may be done: • On your back or neck over the spine. You will be lying face down. Muscles and tissue will be separated to expose the spine. • On your side, if you are having surgery on your lower back. The surgeon will use tools called retractors to gently separate, hold the soft tissues and blood vessels apart, and have room to work. • With a cut on the front of the neck, toward the side.